Amsterdam (NH): Kerk van het H. Hart or Vondelkerk (P.J.H. Cuypers, 1870-1880)
As a project developer P.J.H. Cuypers had already
built the Vondelstraat in Amsterdam when he started building this
church. Unlike the other catholic churches in the city its space was
not restricted by adjacent houses or other buildings; for the first
time in three centuries in Amsterdam a new catholic church could be
built of which all sides would be visible. On an oval "island" in the
middle of the street the church was constructed. Its floor plan follows
the contours of the oval piece of land as closely as possible.
Construction was started in 1872, but in 1873 lack of money prompted
the organisation of a lottery to finish the building. Prices were
donated by some very prominent people, including queen Sophie, the pope
and French architect and Cuypers' tutor Viollet-le-Duc. In 1880 the
church was finally finished.