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Roermond (L): Minderbroederskerk
The Minderbroederskerk (church of the Friars Minor) was built in the 15th century as the church of a Franciscan monastery, which itself had been founded in 1307. The church replaced the St. Nicolaaskapel (St. Nicolas' chapel) at the same location. The current church is a three-aisled hall-church in Gothic style, mostly built of brick but with some use of natural stone. The large blocks of natural stone were probably taken from the predecessor, although there's a theory that the protruding frontal part of the central aisle is in fact a radically altered defensive tower, incorporated when the nave was lengthened in c. 1500. The church was built very close to the city wall indeed.

The originally aisleless church was extended with side-aisles at the beginning of the 16th century. Until 1695 the church had a tower, which stood at the north side of the choir.

When Roermond was conquered by protestant troops in 1572, the monastery was closed and the church looted and partly destroyed. In 1576 the city was liberated by the catholics and the church was returned to the Franciscans. When the French occupied Roermond in 1796, the monastery was once again closed and the Franciscans left the city. Although the church continued to be used for a little while, by 1798 it was closed as well and turned into a stable for the horses of the French garrisson. In 1820 part of the building, the choir mainly, became a protestant church. In 1864 the protestant community purchased the rest of the church as well. In 1883 the former monastery was demolished and a brick wall was added to the buttresses of the southern side-aisle.

In 1903 plans were made to sell and demolish the church. The profits would be used to build a smaller church elsewhere in the city, while on the location of the church a new post-office would be build. It was Roermond's famous son, the architect P.J.H. Cuypers, who managed to prevent the demolition. Cuypers suggested a new use for the building as a museum of applied arts and offered to contribute part of his own collection. This plan was not accepted and the protestants decided to keep the building. Cuypers did restore the church in 1906-1908, despite initial protestant fear that he would restore it back to its "catholic state". The roof was repaired, vaults were reconstructed and closed windows were reopened. A further restoration followed in 1947. On April the 13th 1992 the church was badly damaged by an earthquake. By 1994 it was once again restored.



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