or St. Nicolaaskerk
churches with two towers
at the front are rare in the Netherlands. In fact, there are only two
such churches, although more were planned and perhaps even have
existed. But while the St.
Walburgis in Arnhem was built as a Gothic church, the front
Bergkerk is definitely Romanesque in origin.
The tuff Romanesque church was built in ca. 1200. In 1206 the bishop of
Riga consecrated it to St. Nicolaas, protector of merchants and
sailors. This was a cruciform basilica that in ca. 1460 was extended in
Gothic style. The towers were heightened in Romanesque style though,
albeit in brick. Of the Romanesque church also the clerestory has
survived, with its small round windows. The roofs of the Gothic
side-aisles are so high and the windows of the clerestory are so small
that at first sight the church appears to be a pseudo-basilica on the
The choir dates from the 15th century. It has a narrow ambulatory and a
clerestory with larger pointed windows.
The building is no longer used as a church.